SHANGHAI — After the last year of growth in the world’s largest auto market, China’s electric car start-ups are stepping up plans to take on Europe.
Chinese authorities only began peeling back restrictions on full foreign ownership of local automobile production in the last few years. But more than a decade ago, Beijing began spending the equivalent of billions of dollars on developing its own electric vehicles.
That’s helped local players gain an edge in producing battery-powered cars, which they’re now aiming to sell overseas. Goldman Sachs analysts predict that in four years, new government policies mean electric cars will account for a greater share of auto sales in Europe and the U.S., versus China, although it is the largest market.
U.S.-listed Nio has said it would enter Europe in the second half of this year. And on Monday, co-founder and president Lihong Qin said the company expects to make an official announcement about such an expansion within a month.
He did not name a specific country, while stating that after Europe, Nio still intends to enter the U.S. market.
Amid tensions with the U.S. and attempts to seal an investment deal with Europe, China exported 63,500 pure battery-powered electric vehicles during the first eleven months of last year, according to a January report from the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products. While Saudi Arabia and Egypt were the top destinations for Chinese cars overall last year, the report noted significant growth in vehicle exports to the U.K., Belgium and Germany.
U.S.-listed Xpeng is already testing the waters in Norway, where the start-up delivered 100 units of its G3 electric SUV in December.
Later this year, Xpeng hopes to see how customers in northern Europe respond to its P7 electric sedan, said He Xiaopeng, chairman and CEO. He is recruiting new staff and plans to set up a company in the region, before looking at western and eastern Europe.
Another Chinese electric car start-up, Aiways, said it exported more than 1,000 vehicles to Israel and Europe in the first three months of this year.
“It’s no secret now that most of the China EV startups have global ambitions,” said Tu Le, founder of Beijing-based advisory firm Sino Auto Insights. “That’ll continue as these companies chase growth and value and see opportunity due to the lack of viable EVs products in the region.”
He said with enough local research, some of the Chinese companies could succeed in Europe.
However, any growth in Chinese electric car sales to Europe remains a tiny fraction of the market.
China accounted for less than 2% of the EU’s passenger car imports in 2019 and the 865 million euros in value marks 79% growth from the prior year, according to the European Automobile Manufacturers Association.
In contrast, EU-owned automobile manufacturers made almost 6 million passenger cars in China in 2018, for almost a quarter of total Chinese car production, the association said.
Rising competition within China
The Chinese start-ups’ venture overseas comes as the market heats up at home. Nio’s Qin said the entry of tech companies like Apple and Huawei into the industry are creating fierce competition for the car maker.
On the automobile front, Tesla leads the market and is ramping up local production. Its Model 3 was the best-selling electric car in China last year, according to the China Passenger Car Association.
Excluding two mini-electric cars, the association said the next best-selling vehicle in the category was the S model from Aion, a new energy brand spun-off from Chinese state-owned automaker GAC. A more expensive model from Nio ranked ninth, while Xpeng didn’t make the top ten list.
“Chinese consumers understand new energy vehicles more and more,” said Aion’s planning department director Qiu Liangping, according to a CNBC translation of his Mandarin-language remarks. In addition to ease of battery charging, he said Chinese buyers are looking for a better driving experience than that of fossil fuel-powered cars and internet-powered features.
The brand also has its eye on the international market, Qiu said. Before the spin-off, Aion and GAC’s Trumpchi brand were already selling cars in Israel, the Middle East and South America.
As the automobile industry moves further into electric power, traditional U.S. and German car companies are launching their own electric vehicles — many in the Chinese market first.
Ford also used the show to reveal its locally made version of the Mustang Mach-e electric car, as well as a largely China-developed Evos SUV that will only be available in the country.
Volkswagen revealed in Shanghai a third electric car for China, the ID.6. The German automaker aims that by 2030, at least 70% of its cars sold in Europe in electric, and at least 50% for cars sold in North America and China.